Two kilometers from Bakhchisarai in the rock at the edge of a sheer cliff, many centuries ago originated Assumption Monastery, one of the oldest in the Crimea. There are many legends about the origin of the temple. According to one shepherd named Michael I saw the rock in seven yards from the ground and an icon of Our Lady of the burning candle in front of her. The villagers have moved with great honor an icon of the town, but in the morning she was again on the same spot on the rock. Then people realized that God Mother's wish that her icon was there.
And they have carved into the rock temple and the temple steps and brought in an icon. The phenomenon of the holy icon was on August 15, the day of the Assumption of the Virgin, so the new church was dedicated to this event. A gorge is called Maryam-tree – the gorge of St. Mary. The monastery was founded presumably at the end of VIII – IX centuries early. in the era of feudal relations in the Crimea and ikonobornichestva in Byzantium. Emperors Isaurian dynasty persecuted the clergy and monks, destroyed monasteries, destroyed the icon. The monks and worshipers fled from the Byzantine Empire in the Crimea.
Here, on inaccessible cliffs, there were numerous monasteries – Shuldan, Chelter, Kachi-Kalon, Assumption Monastery. Dormition of the XV century. became the center of the Christian church in the Crimea. In the beginning it was a small hermitage.
In Nuremberg, I visited during a trip to the international salsa festival Kubamemucho, held in Munich. The festival was over, before the flight was still a couple of days and I visited the "most German of all German cities', often referred to as Nuremberg. Risen from the ashes preserved Gothic architecture in the historic center – a picture, in fact, quite common in many old European cities. However, Nuremberg – a special case. Gothic is not limited to one or two councils – there is the whole center looks like a medieval town, miraculously endured to this day.
As befits a medieval castle, surrounded by a powerful defense fortifications – an impressive five-kilometer defensive wall with a moat and numerous towers as a separate modern city with its noisy highways from the quiet realm of antiquity. The flow of vehicles passing by the whole this ancient fortifications – the landscape is so trivial to Nuremberg, which is very quickly cease to pay attention to this bizarre combination of today and yesterday. More precisely, even before yesterday. For the serfs walls are drawn mazes of narrow ancient streets, built a typical German, half-timbered houses with tiled roofs. Many buildings adorn the old emblems and figures of saints, the houses date back to XV – XVI, even XIV ages! Church or five hundred palaces with history can be found in many cities, but the ordinary homes of simple artisans, of which there are five – six centuries – a truly unique spectacle! That Interestingly, in these houses are still inhabited.