Interventions

The strategies of interventions in cuidadores have appeared in last the 15 years, however recently they are only being studied, as the objective of the majority of the interventions it is to change the form of interaction with the patient in house, therefore the problems influence in the emotional adjustment of the cuidador, reflecting themselves in one better assistance for the patient. These interventions can help to brighten up the anguish of the cuidador, to prevent the institutionalization of the patient and to allow that the family can make plans for the future. Literature points different used types of intervention with demenciados cuidadores of aged: psicoeducacionais groups of support, interventions, familiar therapy and individual therapy.

To follow these different forms of intervention will be told at great length. The groups of support if characterize for a space of exchange of information between cuidadores and its benefits include education and social support. It also has a resultant therapeutical effect of the identification between the people who share of one same problem, the participants of the group take support and clarifications on the illness, to the familiar therapy is indicated for families with badly-decided questions that they intervene with the care of the patient; however, not yet systemize studies exist that prove its effectiveness (Scazufca, 2002; Taub, 2004). The individual therapy is indicated for cuidadores with psicopatologia, with one high level of estresse the individual therapies presents better resulted, the psicoeducacionais interventions goes beyond the simple transmission of information techniques, being able to be seen as the establishment of a flow of information of therapist for patient and vice versa, in the attempt to implement, in familiar and the professional ones, resources will deal with the illness, can be applied individually, in family or diverse types of group. The psicoeducacionais interventions can benefit to all the types of cuidadores, exactly in an only session with the doctor..