Two kilometers from Bakhchisarai in the rock at the edge of a sheer cliff, many centuries ago originated Assumption Monastery, one of the oldest in the Crimea. There are many legends about the origin of the temple. According to one shepherd named Michael I saw the rock in seven yards from the ground and an icon of Our Lady of the burning candle in front of her. The villagers have moved with great honor an icon of the town, but in the morning she was again on the same spot on the rock. Then people realized that God Mother's wish that her icon was there.
And they have carved into the rock temple and the temple steps and brought in an icon. The phenomenon of the holy icon was on August 15, the day of the Assumption of the Virgin, so the new church was dedicated to this event. A gorge is called Maryam-tree – the gorge of St. Mary. The monastery was founded presumably at the end of VIII – IX centuries early. in the era of feudal relations in the Crimea and ikonobornichestva in Byzantium. Emperors Isaurian dynasty persecuted the clergy and monks, destroyed monasteries, destroyed the icon. The monks and worshipers fled from the Byzantine Empire in the Crimea.
Here, on inaccessible cliffs, there were numerous monasteries – Shuldan, Chelter, Kachi-Kalon, Assumption Monastery. Dormition of the XV century. became the center of the Christian church in the Crimea. In the beginning it was a small hermitage.