In which a exploratria reading was carried through and criticizes in order to prioritize excellent and basic aspects for the knowledge of the professionals of nursing front to the new pandemic. Influenza (H1N1) or also known as grippe suna is a respiratory pathology caused by the virus. Which had the mutations in the virus and person transmission the person, by means of cough, I sneeze or of respiratory secretions of infectadas people. H1N1 means hemaglobulina 1neuraminidase1. (BRAZIL, 2010). The difference between ‘ ‘ grippe suna’ ‘ the common grippe is: the two are caused by the virus influenza, however different subtypes, the symptoms are seemed therefore any person when presenting signals and grippe symptoms must look the doctor to make the distinguishing diagnosis (BRAZIL, 2009). In Brazil, in accordance with the Ministry, had been notified 80,676 cases of serious acute respiratory syndrome (SRAG).
Of these, 30,055 cases of SRAG for some virus had been confirmed influenza, being that the pandemic ratio of influenza is of 93% (27.850/30.055). the tax of SRAG for influenza pandemic (H1N1) in 2009 she was of 14,5 cases for each 100 a thousand inhabitants. However it is observed that the pandemic affected with bigger intensity the regions south and Southeastern (66.2/100,000 and 9.7/100.000 inhabitants respectively). The confirmation diagnosiss of the H1N1 in 2009 occurs for laboratorial result or for I tie epidemiologist in surtos. Between confirmed cases 5,8% they had evolved for death (FUNASA, P 01, 2010). The symptoms of considerable independent suspicion of the etria band are cases of acute respiratory illness, superior fever 38C, cough, dispnia, gastrintestinais pains of throat, alterations, hipotenso. Children can reveal too much symptoms together as: beating of the wing of the nose, cianose, intercostal drawing, dehydration and inapetncia.